Sunday, November 24, 2019
Apology by Plato essay
Apology by Plato essay Apology by Plato essay Apology by Plato essayIn PlatoÃ¢â¬â¢s Apology, the reader finds much interesting information about the philosophic thought that is derived from SocratesÃ¢â¬â¢ defense speech. Socrates, PlatoÃ¢â¬â¢s teachers and friend, is ready to defend himself. SocratesÃ¢â¬â¢ mission is to help people to better understand the meaning of life in order to change their lives, placing emphasis on virtue and souls. He says,It is the greatest good for a human being to discussVirtue every day and the other thingsAbout which you hear me conversing and examining both myself and others,For the unexamined life is not worth living for a human being (Plato 38b).Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Socrates claims that his role in Athenian society is important because he is the one who can support the integrity of the society he lives in by his role as gadfly. Socrates uses his unique philosophical argumentation to explain power relations within the Athenian society.There are two sets of charges that were brought against Socrates: the first one is disrespect to the cityÃ¢â¬â¢s gods and the second one is corruption of young people. These charges include formal charges brought by Anytus, Meletus and Lycon and some earlier charges brought by anonymous people. Nevertheless, these two sets of charges are interlinked. The charges include Ã¢â¬Å"corrupting the young, and by not believing in the gods in whom the city believes, but in other daimonia that are novelÃ¢â¬ (Plato 24b).Socrates responds to these charges are convincing. He denies the fact that his philosophy and philosophic activities cause harm to the society he lives in and the city in general. He denies that his philosophy can corrupt the youth, claiming that his philosophic thought is of great value for humanity. Socrates tries to persuade the jury about his innocence, Ã¢â¬Å"No greater good has come to be in the city than my service to the GodÃ¢â¬ (Plato). Socrates states that his way of life is the best way of life for all human beings because it produces happiness for everyone in the city.Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã My own view of SocratesÃ¢â¬â¢ innocence is based on a number of facts, including his philosophic thought, his mission and his self-confidence. I believe in SocratesÃ¢â¬â¢ innocence, although the charges brought to him by the court are rather serious for Athenians. SocratesÃ¢â¬â¢ defense against the charge that he doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t believe in Gods is honest and sufficient. He admits that he does not believe in the Gods of the city, but he is guided by some sort of higher being, or spirits. He states, Ã¢â¬Å"I live in great poverty because of my service to GodÃ¢â¬ (23c). I completely agree with SocratesÃ¢â¬â¢ argument that the claim regarding his atheism is false because he believes in higher spiritual beings. I would have voted set him free because these two sets of charges are insufficient for death penalty. Ã The second claim about the corrupted youth is also false because there is no proof.Ã One man cannot be blamed for the corruption of the entire generation of young people. Therefore, for these two sets of charges, I would have vote in SocratesÃ¢â¬â¢ favor, considering him innocent. Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Thus, it is necessary to conclude that Socrates has gained worldwide fame for accepting his death for the two sets of charges corrupting the youth and disregarding the Athenian cityÃ¢â¬â¢s Gods. Ã In Apology, Plato tells the story of SocratesÃ¢â¬â¢ trial, describing his behavior and his unique defense during the trial process. Socrates is innocent because his philosophic thought is useful for Athenians. He has been wrongly accused.